Scope of work template (sow)

A scope of work, also called a statement of work,is usually written SOW in communications with clients, customers or partners.It is a formal document that describes the work to be done for a specific project,in this case building or improving your solution.It covers the following:
*the work to be done
*who is responsible for each type of work
*how long the work will take
*where the work will take place
*the minimum requirements the work must meet to be considered acceptable.


Thank you Ephraim for sharing this. It is really helpful.

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Thank you Ephraim for your input on Statement of Work (SOW).

Some of the things I have learnt about SOW is that:

  1. it is designed with the client. The client is technically the owner of the project as suggested by PMBOK GUIDE(2008), hence; must be fully carry along through the SOW process.

  2. SOW is designed with the consideration of their stakeholders. According to the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (2015), “a stakeholder is a person or company that is involved in a particular organization, project, system,etc. , especially because they have invested money in it.” Kernez (2010) went further to add that stakeholders are people that have interest in the venture weather they invested money or not. There could be positive or negative stakeholder. For example, for a palm plantation plan, the host community is a stakeholder. Environmentalists could be negative stakeholders since they could be working to stop the project. So, it is important an entrepreneur considers their influence.

  3. SOW is designed during the planning stage of the idealization process. It is important to add that SOW is done in the planning despite the fact that the entrepreneur has taken time to engage with the targeted customer segment, all of these engagements are done to really know the problem (as taught in week 1) before creating a solution. The planning stage of a project is the foundation of the project.

  4. SOW is subject to change. This change should be necessary and not just intuitive. In our contemporary mercurial world where change is constant, it is key for every entrepreneur to consider possible change. This is called Scope Creep. PMBOK GUIDE suggested that scope creep is the term that has come to mean any change in the project that was not in the original plan.

Designing SOW is very important and it comes with a lot of insights. In all of this, what would you do if you encounter scope creep in your venture?

Other entrepreneurs on this platform can share their thought as well.

Maryam Osiri


  1. A Guide To The Project Management Body Of Knowledge (PMBOK GUIDE). Fourth Edition. An American National Standard. Published by Project Management Institute. 14 Campus Boulevard, Newton Square, Pennslyvania 19073-3299 USA.

  2. Dr. Harold Kerzner (2010) “Project Management Best Practices:Achieving Global Excellence”. Second Edition. International Institute for Learning. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, New Jersey, USA.

  3. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary: International Student’s Edition, 9th Edition. Published by Oxford University Press .


So applicable for use. Thanks for this post

Thanks Maryam

Please Maryam,can we work as mentors to each other?I need an active person like you

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Hello Ephraim,

Good to hear from you.
Please feel free to contact me.
We in this together:).

Stay blessed and stay blessed.

Maryam Osiri

Thanks Ephraim for this refresher topic and its importance to becoming a distinguished entrepreneur.

Thank you Maryam for the insight on project management you shared on the forum. It brings to the forefront the integration of an entrepreneur with his or her investment _ which is an invaluable project. Truly as you sighted, change most of time is inherent in any business endeavour. The ability to control and manage this change is required of every entrepreneur.

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This excerpt will be of help with regards to Scope Creep.

Scope creep
Project scope creep is typically the result of uncontrolled changes in product or project scope without adjustments to time, cost, or resources.
Scope control works to control the impact of any project scope changes, manage actual changes when they occur, and it is integrated with other control processes. Scope control then ensures all requested changes and recommended corrective or preventive actions are processed through the Perform Integrated Change Control process. [Monitoring and Controlling].

PMI®, PMBOK® Guide, 2017, 168
PMI® PMP Examination Content Outline, 2015, Monitoring and Controlling, 9, Task 2.

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